Late Summer in the Lagoon, and a visit to the vineyards

Here in Venice, the whole month of September is considered summer with a bonus: It’s harvest time (la vendemmia!) and the flowers and vegetables in the Lagoon enjoy a “second spring”. This means they look so lush again after the hottest months of the year have passed, and the wine harvest, la vendemmia, is taking place.


Most herb gardens and orchards are located in the northern Lagoon, while you can find most fishing grounds in the south. There are two ways of drawing a border between the northern and southern Lagoon, and both are valid: First, you could consider the former river Brenta as the border: This river bed is actually the Grand Canal in Venice!

Second, there’s a real watershed running through the Lagoon. It means that there’s a border between the predominantly fresh water and salt water areas. Over time, this watershed shifted: The Lagoon, during the past 1200 years, has been changed considerably by the engineers of the former Republic of Venice. They built dams to prevent the Lagoon from turning into an unhealthy swamp (read more details about the watersheds in this post on our blog).

Everything can be grown in the Lagoon that humans have ever needed or wished for, my grandmother says: From fish to olive trees to erbe spontanee (wild herbs) such as portulaca, spinacino selvatico (wild spinach) and salicornia.

Spring and autumn is the best time to collect Lagoon herbs (and you can see many Venetian chefs do just that, right now!). It means that if you would like to taste dishes flavored with Lagoon herbs, do visit Venice between March and May, or in September and October.


The northern islands in the Lagoon (Mazzorbo, Mazzorbetto, Torcello, Le Vignole, Sant’Erasmo in particular) are dedicated to growing vegetables and herbs, and there’s also the Cavallino – Lio Piccolo peninsula reaching into the into the Lagoon amidst le barene – muddy sandbanks, submerged by tides twice a day and overgrown with limonium.

During the times of the Republic, honey was made from limonium, a Lagoon treat that you can buy at the Rialto Market again (I buy it at La Casa del Parmigiano’s). With limonium blossoming, it looks like the Lagoon is covered with lavender from late July to early September. You can see this violet – tinged Lagoon in the video below:

In September, you can also harvest the violet varieties of le prugne (plums) in the Lagoon orchards. Did you know that on the islands of Torcello, Mazzorbo and on San Michele in Isola, grapes are harvested now, and later in October?

There are also vineyards in the Lagoon’s secret edible gardens, located off Torcello, on the island group of Santa Cristina. The name of Le Carline’s wine is Ammiana, recalling an ancient island that was once as important as Torcello (read more about Ammiana in my post on the Venetian sunset islands here).

The archipelago of Torcello-Ammiana-Sant’Ariano-Santa Cristina represents the cuore antico (ancient heartland) of the Lagoon. The Romans were growing wine on this fertile yet slightly salty ground. Mostly, these vineyards were experimental, because the salty taste came also into the wine!

The lagoonscape changed in the 16th century when the northern Lagoon almost turned into a swamp due to river debris. The vineyards in this area were given up. Ancient vines were rediscovered about 30 years ago, so the vines growing now in this area are the same, or similar to the ones, enjoyed by the Venetians 700 years ago.


The vineyards on Sant’Erasmo are branded as Orto di Venezia. 2,000 hectars of land are dedicated to growing a wine consisting of 60% Istrian grapes and 20% Malvasia. Venetians celebrate their La Festa del Mosto on Sant’Erasmo every year on the first Sunday of October, and it’s a very lively experience you should absolutely come and see!

Sant’Erasmo reflects the Lagoon’s long agricultural history: This is a rather sprawling island, of the same size as Venice (the Rivo Alto island group). There are wild gardens amidst blackberry hedges, sorrel, wild chamomile and portulaca, artichoke fields, and there are greenhouses to grow vegetables all year long, and of course, the vineyards.

A bit further to the north from Sant’Erasmo, the golden Doge’s wine grows on the Venissa estate on the island of Marzzorbo. The first vendemmia (grape harvest) took place in 2010 after eight years of research and experimenting. The Bisol family, supported by Regione del Veneto, cultivates ancient vines rediscovered here by chance in the wild gardens of the northern Lagoon:

It wasn’t just any wine, but the one for which Venice was famous for during the times of the Republic, l’uva Dorona, from which il vino d’oro, the golden Doge’s wine, is made from.

You can see the golden Doge’s wine in an image I took during one of our culinary retreats at Venissa’s. What a pleasure and adventure tasting this wine after six hundred years!

The golden wine has the color of honey and tastes like nectar and amber with a flowery – muscat bouquet. Just right with risotto all’uva e salicornia – sweet-sour grapes and salicornia herb risotto that my grandfather used to make when he was young. We’ll share this recipe, and more wine stories of the Lagoon, in our upcoming Autumn in Venice online cooking class!


We’ll also cover the forgotten garden islands located off Torcello and you’ll see how each part of the Lagoon fulfilled a purpose. These aren’t islands “orbiting around Venice”. On the contrary, Venice has always depended on them to survive

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  1. How I wish I could be there to taste the golden wine and the limonium! And of course the fragolino, my favorite wine. I’m a teacher and can never travel to Venice at this time of year. Thanks for sharing it here–though of course I’m sad I can’t be there!

    1. The period I describe in this post is called the “Fifth Season in Venice”. The season between summer and fall. Perhaps you can visit the Lagoon in late August – that’s the time when fragolino is harvested, and you can see and taste everything I’ve described in this post.

  2. “The Grand Canal in Venice actually is the old bed of the river Brenta !” That’s the first time I ever realised that! Thank you, and thank you for another interesting post. The video was exciting to watch.

    1. I’m very happy you like this post! The Lagoon would look very differently if it hadn’t been for moving to the mouth of the River Brenta to the south and, in particular, the “taglio del Sile” in 1683. From the beginning, Venetians used the Brenta river bed as natural canal around which they built their houses. They used its currents to transport goods in an efficient manner.

    1. Dear Vanessa, we hope you can return to Venice soon!! I love writing about the Lagoon, and especially this part I’m describing in the blog post, the garden islands off Burano in the northern Lagoon.

      1. Hi I am working very hard to see if I can come to Venice next year, preferably in the fall when many of the tourists are gone and the weather is still warm but not overly humid. I do really want to take a cooking class while I’m there and hopefully you and I will be able to connect in person as well. If you have any recommendations as to where I might stay that is not expensive, or best time of year, I would greatly love to hear them.

      2. That’s great news, I’d love to meet you in person !!! I’ll get in touch with you re. your questions. You’ll soon find more information on fall in Venice on the Blog.

  3. What a lovely post Loredana – grazie mille. The precious nature of the lagoon is quite unique and so important to the survival of Venice. Also human impact on the lagoon since Roman times is a very, very important point to make. People have been ‘adapting’ and changing the flow of water through the lagoon since the days of Altinum!

  4. Absolutely loved this article. I’m a Geographer, I’m passionate about maps, rivers, mountains. For me the Venetian Lagoon is a huge, magical environment, inspiration to Hemingway, but also, more importantly a place of secure anchorage (Veneti, Romans) since pre-roman times. A delicate ecological balance between ocean and river, between human intervention and natural processes. It is possible to say that without the lagoon Venice could not have become the supreme maritime nation of the Eastern Mediterranean. An independent republic for 1000 years. Amazing! Brilliant article – many, many thanks!

  5. Wonderful article. The relationship between the rivers flowing into the lagoon, delta area and Adriatic Sea is often overlooked. The Brenta, Dese, Sile and Piave must be considered to understand the lagoon of Venice.

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